Skip to main content

Why do men get prostate cancer?

This page is about 'Why do men get prostate cancer?'
You may also find this page useful: What is Prostate Cancer?
This page is part of the following topics:

Frequently Asked Questions

Useful Links

What causes prostate cancer?

The exact cause of prostate cancer is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Here are some factors that may contribute to the development of prostate cancer:

  1. Age: Prostate cancer is more common in older men, with the risk increasing significantly after age 50. The majority of prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65.
  2. Family History: Having a family history of prostate cancer increases the risk of developing the disease. Men with a father, brother, or son who has had prostate cancer are at higher risk.
  3. Genetics: Certain inherited genetic mutations or variations may predispose individuals to prostate cancer. Mutations in genes such as BRCA1, BRCA2, and Lynch syndrome genes have been associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer.
  4. Ethnicity: Prostate cancer occurs more frequently in African-American men compared to men of other racial or ethnic groups. It also tends to be more aggressive and diagnosed at a later stage in African-American men.
  5. Dietary Factors: Some research suggests that a diet high in red meat and high-fat dairy products and low in fruits, vegetables, and fiber may be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer. However, more studies are needed to fully understand the role of diet in prostate cancer development.
  6. Obesity: Obesity has been linked to an increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer and experiencing poorer treatment outcomes. The exact mechanisms underlying this association are still being studied.
  7. Hormonal Factors: Testosterone and other male hormones (androgens) play a role in the growth and development of the prostate gland. High levels of certain hormones or changes in hormone levels may contribute to the development of prostate cancer.
  8. Exposure to Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as pesticides, herbicides, and industrial chemicals, may increase the risk of prostate cancer. However, the evidence linking environmental exposures to prostate cancer risk is still inconclusive.
  9. Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity, and chronic stress may also contribute to an increased risk of prostate cancer. Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, a balanced diet, and stress management may help reduce the risk.

It's important to note that having one or more risk factors does not guarantee that a person will develop prostate cancer, and many men with prostate cancer have no identifiable risk factors. Additionally, not all individuals with risk factors will develop the disease. Regular screening and early detection are crucial for identifying prostate cancer in its early stages when treatment is most effective.

We would love to hear from you!

Have you found an error, or do you have a link or some information you would like to share? Please let us know using the form below.

We will only use this to contact you regarding your suggestion. We will NEVER pass this information on to anyone else.
Tell us why you are contacting us.
Important Information On Using This Service
  • Ergsy carfully checks the information in the videos we provide here.
  • Videos shown by Youtube after a video has completed, have NOT been reviewed by ERGSY.
  • To view, click the arrow in centre of video.
Using Subtitles and Closed Captions
  • Most of the videos you find here will have subtitles and/or closed captions available.
  • You may need to turn these on, and choose your preferred language.
Turn Captions On or Off
  • Go to the video you'd like to watch.
  • If closed captions (CC) are available, settings will be visible on the bottom right of the video player.
  • To turn on Captions, click settings .
  • To turn off Captions, click settings again.